HISTORICALLY IMPORTANT ANTIQUE GERMAN LANDSCAPE IMPRESSIONIST OIL PAINTING ON CANVAS DEPICTING THE HISTORIC REGENSBURG, ALSO KNOWN AS RATISBON, A BAVARIAN CITY ON THE DANUBE RIVER IN SOUTHEAST GERMANY. IT LIES ON THE RIGHT BANK OF THE DANUBE RIVER ALONG ITS MOST NORTHERLY COURSE, WHERE IT IS JOINED BY THE REGEN RIVER NORTHEAST OF MUNICH. THE ICONIC 12TH-CENTURY BRIDGE CROSSES THE REFLECTIVE DANUBE RIVER INTO HISTORICAL 13TH-CENTURY ARCHITECTURAL BUILDINGS.THE HISTORIC DOM ST PETER CATHEDRAL IS SHOWN TOWERING OVER THE CITY IN THE BACKGROUND. THE DETAILS IN THIS PAINTING ARE SPOT-ON AND AMAZING. THIS WORK IS SIGNED AND DATED 1959. DIMENSIONS: 31" W x 23" H. Regensburg's 11th to 13th-century architecture still defines the town's character, marked by tall buildings, dark and narrow lanes, and strong fortifications. The facilities include medieval Patrician houses and towers, a large number of churches and monastic ensembles, as well as the 12th-century Stone Bridge. In the area of the old city was a Celtic settlement (Radasbona), which later became the site of a Roman stronghold and legionary camp, Castra Regina (founded AD 179). The Roman north gate (Porta Praetoria) and parts of the walls survive. The capital of the dukes of Bavaria from 530, Regensburg was made a bishopric in 739 and shortly afterward became the capital of the Carolingians. From about 1000, Regensburg was home to a large Jewish population (possibly the first Jewish settlement in Germany) until the Jews were expelled in the 15th century. The only free imperial city in the duchy of Bavaria from 1245, Regensburg was exceedingly prosperous in the 12th and 13th centuries. It was taken by the Swedes and later by imperial troops in the Thirty Years' War (17th century) and was destroyed by the French in 1809. It passed to Bavaria in 1810. Despite repeated bombings in World War II, Regensburg sustained minor damage, and most of the city's medieval buildings survived. Its imposing patricians' houses (12th-14th century) are unique in Germany, and the Steinerne Brücke (Stone Bridge; 1135-46) across the Danube is a medieval constructional marvel that was repaired after the war. Other notable churches include the Romanesque St.
Emmeram's, parts of which date to the 8th century (interior remodeled in the Baroque style); the Alte Kapelle (Old Chapel), the earliest parts of which date from about 1000, with an elaborate Rococo interior; the 12th-century Romanesque Scottish Church of St. Jakob, founded by Irish monks; the 13th-century Dominican Church; and the Minorite Church c. Emmeram's Abbey (founded in the 7th century) have been the palace of the princes of Thurn and Taxis since 1812, and there are remains of the 13th-century Herzogshof, the residence of the Bavarian dukes.The city hall (14th-15th century, with a Baroque extension) contains the Reichssaal "Imperial Hall"; c. 1350, in which the Imperial Diet was held from 1663 to 1806. Many of these historic buildings are located in Regensburg's old city section, designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 2006.
The city is the seat of the University of Regensburg (founded in 1962). Manufacturers in the area include electronics and motor vehicles.Regensburg is a tourist base for excursions into the Bavarian Forest.